Last week, the European Court of Human Rights ruled that requiring trans people to undergo sterilisation in order to have their gender recognised, violates human rights.
In the case A.P. and Others v. France, three transgender people attempted to change the entries on their sex and forenames on their birth certificates, and were refused so by the national courts, as they did not meet the infertility requirement.
The applicants held that the authorities had infringed their right to respect for their private life (Article 8 of the European Convention on Human Rights) by making gender recognition conditional on undergoing an operation involving a high probability of sterility.
Strasbourg judges declared that indeed the requirement to undergo sterilisation or treatment involving a very high probability of sterility, in order to change the entries on birth certificates, breaches the right to respect for private life.
Nevertheless, the Court did not find proof that the a mental health diagnosis or obligatory medical examinations, constitute breaches of Article 8.